CCUS requires a network of pipelines to transport CO2 from the sources of emission to the sites of storage or utilization, which may not be readily available in India or in many other parts of the world. Therefore, the lack of pipelines may deter the installations of CCS in these regions, as it may increase the cost, complexity, and risk of the technology.
In India, there are only a few existing or planned CO2 transportation pipelines mostly for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) purposes. Moreover, the development of CO2 transportation pipelines in India faces several challenges and barriers, such as land acquisition, environmental and social impact assessment, regulatory and legal framework, public awareness and acceptance, safety and security, and coordination among multiple stakeholders, which may indefinitely delay extensive implementation of CCUS in India. Therefore, the lack of pipelines may limit the potential and feasibility of CCUS in India, unless there is a strong policy and financial support to overcome these challenges and create a conducive environment for CCS deployment, which again might take decades.
Our Closed Loop Hybrid Sorbent Technology enables the transportation of CO2 as solid CaCO3 to nearby Calcination Sites without the need for compression, storage, or complex pipelines at Storage or utilization sites. This not only reduces the physical footprint at customer sites but also simplifies the process, allowing carbon capture to start promptly without waiting for the installation of complex pipelines, which can take years.